Méliès, Georges

(1861-1938)
   film producer, director
   Georges Méliès, a pioneer filmmaker whose work had a profound effect on early cinema, was born in Paris. An illusionist by profession (he directed the Théâtre Robert-Houdin) and set designer, he made of cinema, still in its infancy, a true art form by the richness of his poetic and inventive genius. of some 300 films that he produced between 1896 and 1913, he was inspired by three general themes: the world of fairy tales and fantasy (Cendrillon, Le Palais des Mille et Une Nuits, La Fée Libellule); science fiction—often inspired by the stories of jules verne (Le Voyage dans la Lune, 1902, Le Voyage à travers l'impossible, 20,000 Lieues sous les mers, La Conquête du pole); and history (L'Affair Dreyfus, La Civlisation à travers les âges). The creator of cinematographic direction and founder of the first film studios (at Montreuil), as well as the creator of special effects, Méliès, the pioneer of the seventh art, who had a free sense of imagination and knew poverty during his career and was for a time forgotten, was recognized and acclaimed before his death. In 1931, he was awarded the legion of honor. In 1936, the majority of Méliès's works were saved and restored by archivists.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Georges Méliès s first exposure to the cinema coincided exactly with the world s first exposure. On 28 December 1895, Méliès, a magician and the director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in… …   Guide to cinema

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Georges Méliès s first exposure to the cinema coincided exactly with the world s first exposure. On 28 December 1895, Méliès, a magician and the director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in… …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Méliès, Georges — (Marie Georges Jean Méliès / December 8, 1861, Paris, France January 21, 1938, Paris)    The son of a wealthy footwear manufacturer, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and completed his studies of art in London, where he also became …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Méliès, Georges — born Dec. 8, 1861, Paris, France died Jan. 21, 1938, Paris French filmmaker. He was a professional magician and manager director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in Paris when he saw the first movies made by Auguste and Louis Lumière in 1895. In his… …   Universalium

  • Méliès, Georges — ► (1861 1938) Realizador cinematográfico francés. Tuvo una formación teatral y aportó innovaciones expresivas y técnicas en las que se intuyen soluciones cinematográficas: trucaje, puesta en escena, etc. Películas: Partida de naipes (1896) y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Méliès,Georges — Mé·liès (māl yĕsʹ), Georges. 1861 1938. French film director who was the first to film fictional narratives and created the earliest special effects. His works include A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Conquest of the Pole (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Méliès — Méliès, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Méliès — Born Marie Georges Jean Méliès December 8, 1861(1861 12 08) Paris, France Died Januar …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Melies — Georges Méliès (* 8. Dezember 1861 in Paris; † 21. Januar 1938 ebenda) war ein französischer Illusionist, Theaterbesitzer und Filmregisseur. Er zählt zu den Pionieren der Filmgeschichte und gilt als Erfinder des „narrativen Films“ und der Stop… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melies — Georges Méliès (* 8. Dezember 1861 in Paris; † 21. Januar 1938 ebenda) war ein französischer Illusionist, Theaterbesitzer und Filmregisseur. Er zählt zu den Pionieren der Filmgeschichte und gilt als Erfinder des „narrativen Films“ und der Stop… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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